Dialogue Education vs Vicarious Learning: Which is more effective?

For many, learning in a self-directed model seems to work well. For others, they thrive on social interactions that come from in-person classroom education. The debate over which is more effective, online self-directed vs. in-person classroom learning will rage on for many years to come. In this article, I will review a series of studies that compare the effects of dialogue education (Vella, 20008) vs vicarious learning (Bandura, 1986). Both methodologies are effective when targeting a particular outcome. In this article, I argue that a blend of both methods may be the most effective when you want to change hearts and minds (attitudes and behaviors), rather than simply dispense new knowledge into the minds of your students.